新加坡华语资料库

本资料库收录了具有文化、历史或情感意义的华语词汇。这些词汇是新加坡人过去或现在的生活用语,有的见于印刷媒体,有的则在日常对话中使用。

săn

qián

small change

Speech

生活用语

Speech

Share via

small change

Share via
Speech

生活用语

Speech

释义

名词

指币值小的零钱,如角、分。

DEFINITION

Noun

The Mandarin term “散钱” refers to small denominations of currency, such as cents.

由来
  • “散钱”一词最早出现于唐代小说《酉阳杂俎·诺皋记上》中,指的是零散的钱。
  • 清代《朱子年谱》中也提到“散钱”,指的是清代的一种钱币,中间有个方孔可以串起来,为零钱的一种。
  • 在福建话(闽南话)中,散钱指的是币值较小的钞票,但新马一带用“散钱”来指币值小的角、分,也就是汉语中的“零钱”。
  • “散钱”中的“散”字,是取了另一词“零散”中的“散”字,来代替“零钱”中的“零”字。
ETYMOLOGY
  • The use of the term “散钱” to mean “small change” first appeared in the Tang Dynasty novel Miscellaneous Morsels from Youyang: Records of Nuogao (《酉阳杂俎·诺皋记上》).
  • The Mandarin term “散钱” also appears in Chronicle of Zhu Zi (《朱子年谱》) written in the Qing Dynasty. It refers to a Qing Dynasty coin with a square hole in the middle that can be strung together and used as change.

  • In the Hokkien (Minnan) dialect, the term “散钱” refers to banknotes of smaller values. However, the term is used in Singapore and Malaysia to refer to small denominations of currency, such as cents, otherwise known as “零钱” in Mandarin.

  • The word “散” in “散钱” is derived from the second character in the Mandarin term “零散”, unlike the term “零钱” used in Mainland China, which makes use of the first character “零” (líng).

例句
银角应该是学校休息时买鱼丸面吃剩下的散钱,山楂饼一定是用这些钱在店屋楼下转角处的Ma Ma摊上偷买的,母亲知道肯定被骂。(《联合早报》,28/6/2018)
SAMPLE SENTENCE

I had coins that were probably small change left over from buying fishball noodles during recess. I would use them to secretly buy haw flakes at the mama stall downstairs at the corner of the shophouse, because I knew that I would definitely get a scolding if mother found out. (Lianhe Zaobao, 28/6/2018)

其他地区用语

零钱(大陆)、散纸(广东话)

TERMS USED IN OTHER REGIONS

零钱 (Mainland China)、散纸 (Hong Kong)

参考资料
REFERENCES