新加坡华语资料库

本资料库收录了具有文化、历史或情感意义的华语词汇。这些词汇是新加坡人过去或现在的生活用语,有的见于印刷媒体,有的则在日常对话中使用。

batik

Culture

文化

Culture

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batik

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Culture

文化

Culture

释义

名词

用蜡染制成的印花布,也可指用峇迪布做成的衣服。也称巴迪。

DEFINITION

Noun

Patterned fabric made using a wax-resist dyeing technique. It can also refer to clothing made with batik fabric. It is also known in Mandarin as “巴迪”.

由来
  • 马来语batik的音译。一般认为batik与马来语的titik相关,意指“点”。
  • 峇迪艺术最早出现于印尼爪哇,也曾出现在中国、日本、印度、泰国、东土耳其斯坦、欧洲和非洲等地。
  • 峇迪布是用融化的黄蜡在白布上绘制图案,染色后煮去蜡质而出现图案。
  • 二十世纪以前,峇迪多作为服饰或节日用途,例如沙龙(sarong),以及苏丹、新郎或新娘穿的dodot。现在,峇迪布也制成钱包、丝巾、帽子等。峇迪图案更是绘画、家具等设计灵感的泉源。
  • 峇迪布上的图案丰富多样,代表不同的意义。例如巴冷刀代表权力、母鸡孵蛋代表生意上的好运、鹅代表纯洁等。
  • 不同的身份、场合或庆典等都可穿上峇迪或使用峇迪布做成的产品。例如李显龙总理在2019年国庆庆典时穿上新加坡峇迪画大师萨卡希(Sarkasi Said)手绘的红白卓锦万代兰的衬衫。
ETYMOLOGY
The Mandarin term “峇迪” is a transliteration of the Malay term batik. It widely believed that the word batik is related to the Malay word titik, meaning “dot”.
The art of batik first appeared in Java, Indonesia, but has also appeared in China, Japan, India, Thailand, East Turkestan, Europe and Africa.
Batik fabric is made by drawing patterns onto white cloth using melted wax. The cloth is then dyed and boiled to remove the melted wax, so as to reveal the finished design.
Before the 20th century, batik was mainly used for costumes or festivals, such as sarongs, and dodots worn by sultans, brides and grooms. Today, batik is also made into various items, such as wallets, scarves or hats. Batik designs are also a source of inspiration for items such as painting and furniture.
Batik designs are rich and varied, each with a different meaning. For example, the parang motif represents power, a hen laying eggs represents good luck in business, while a goose represents purity.
Batik clothing and items can be worn and used by people from all walks of life for various occasions and celebrations. For example, during the 2019 National Day Parade, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong wore a red and white shirt with the motif of the Vanda Miss Joaquim that was hand-painted by well-known Singaporean batik artist Sarkasi Said.
例句
峇迪在1980年代曾经是我的最爱,每次到印尼旅游,带回来送给亲友的通常就是峇迪衫。(《联合晚报》,27/8/2018)
SAMPLE SENTENCE
Batik was a favourite of mine in the 1980s. Whenever I travelled to Indonesia, I would usually bring back batik shirts as gifts for relatives and friends. (Lianhe Wanbao,27/8/2018)
参考资料
REFERENCES