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Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education (Advanced Level)

Education

教育

Education

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Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education (Advanced Level)

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Education

教育

Education

释义

名词

A水准考试由新加坡考评局、教育部和剑桥大学国际考评部联合主办,是新加坡一年一度的统一考试之一,为新加坡高中文凭。A水准的全称为新加坡剑桥普通教育证书(高级水准),英文名称为“Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education (Advanced Level)”。

DEFINITION

Noun

The Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education Advanced Level (GCE A-level) examination is an annual national examination for a pre-university certificate. The examination is jointly organised by the Singapore Examinations and Assessment Board (SEAB), Ministry of Education (MOE) and Cambridge Assessment International Education in Singapore.

由来
  • 1975年,新加坡教育部推行了A水准考试,统一取代了当时的高中文凭,并由教育部和剑桥大学国际考评部(Cambridge Assessment International Education)主办。除了母语考试,其他科目由剑桥大学国际考评部监管。
  • A水准的考生包括在校学生和私人考生。学生可以用A水准的成绩申请进入大学。
  • 新加坡教育部为了取得更大的自由和监管,决定不再受英国A水准考试的限制。在2002年,教育部成立了专属于新加坡的独立A水准考试制度,考试的范围和新加坡教育制度基本一致。
  • 2007年,新课程的第一批考生步入考场。改革后,A水准科目分为H1、H2和H3三个等级(不是所有科目都有三级)。一般上,H1内容为H2的一半但难度相等;H3内容则是H2科目的进一步延伸,除此之外,学生还可参与科研报告、修读大学单元等。
  • 新课程规定A水准在校学生需选修至少3个H2和1个H1科目,必修课为H1英文理解与写作(General Paper,简称GP)或H2知识探索(Knowledge Inquiry)、H1专题作业(Project Work)和母语,需修读一个对比科目(contrasting subject)。
ETYMOLOGY
  • The A-level examination was introduced by the MOE in 1975, in replacement of the existing pre-university certification, and was organised by the MOE and Cambridge Assessment International Education. All subjects, apart from Mother Tongue, fall under the purview of Cambridge Assessment International Education.

  • The A-level examination is offered to students and private candidates. Students can apply for university with their A-level results.

  • In order to gain greater autonomy and control over the examination, the MOE decided to delink the A-level examinations from the United Kingdom's GCE A-level examination. In 2002, the MOE established an independent A-level examination system for Singapore, which was closely aligned to the Singapore school curriculum.

  • The first batch of candidates sat for the revamped A-Level examination in 2007. The new examination is divided into three levels: H1, H2 and H3 (H3 only available for some subjects). In general, the content of H1 subjects is half that of H2 subjects but of the same level of difficulty, while the content of H3 subjects builds on the corresponding H2 subject. Additionally, students taking their A’ Levels can also participate in research reports and take university modules.

  • The new curriculum stipulates that A-level students must take at least three H2 subjects and one H1 subject. They must also take the H1 General Paper (GP) or H2 Knowledge Inquiry, H1 Project Work and Mother Tongue, as well as a contrasting subject.

例句
参加去年A水准会考的考生及格率达93.4%,比前年略高0.1个百分点,是新A水准课程自2006年推出以来的最佳表现。(《联合早报》,21/02/2020)
SAMPLE SENTENCE

The passing rate for candidates taking the A-level examination last year reached 93.4%, which was slightly higher than the year before by 0.1%. This was the highest passing rate since the introduction of the new A-level curriculum in 2006. (Lianhe Zaobao, 21/02/2020)

参考资料
REFERENCES