新加坡华语资料库

本资料库收录了具有文化、历史或情感意义的华语词汇。这些词汇是新加坡人过去或现在的生活用语,有的见于印刷媒体,有的则在日常对话中使用。

shèn

dialysis

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生活用语

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dialysis

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生活用语

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释义

副词

为肾脏衰竭的病人用机器去除血液里和腹膜里的有害物质。

DEFINITION

Adverb

To help kidney failure patients remove harmful substances from the blood and peritoneum using a machine.

由来
  • 《南洋商报》早在1974年就使用了“洗肾”一词。
  • 肾脏衰竭主要由糖尿病和高血压引起。糖尿病患者由于血糖过高,容易导致肾脏在过滤血液时操劳过度,久而对肾脏造成不可逆转的损坏。高血压则会对肾脏的微血管造成损坏,破坏肾脏的过滤功能。
  • 洗肾的传统治疗法主要分为两种,一为血液透析(俗称洗血,haemodialysis),二为腹膜透析(俗称洗水,peritoneal dialysis)。
  • 全国肾脏基金会在2019年推出新的治疗法——血液透析过滤(Haemodiafiltration)。
  • 新加坡全国肾脏基金会(National Kidney Foundation)在1969年由邱恩德医生(Dr Khoo Oon Teik)等人创立。
ETYMOLOGY
  • The Mandarin term 洗肾” was used as early as 1974 in the Nanyang Siang Pau.

  • Kidney failure is mainly caused by diabetes and high blood pressure. High blood sugar in diabetic patients is likely to cause the kidneys to overwork when filtering blood, which can cause irreversible damage to the kidneys over time. High blood pressure, on the other hand, can damage the capillaries of the kidneys, affecting their ability to filter blood.

  • Conventional methods of dialysis can be divided into two main types: haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

  • The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) introduced a new form of dialysis in 2019haemodiafiltration.

  • The NKF was founded in 1969 by Dr Khoo Oon Teik and others.

例句
血液透析则通过净化血液把有害物质排出体外,但患者须平均每周三天到洗肾中心洗肾,每次约四小时。(《联合早报》,18/6/2018)
SAMPLE SENTENCE

Haemodialysis cleanses the blood by removing harmful substances from the body. However, patients must visit dialysis centres and undergo dialysis thrice a week, with each session lasting about four hours. (Lianhe Zaobao, 18/6/2018)

其他地区用语

血液透析(大陆)

TERMS USED IN OTHER REGIONS

血液透析 (Mainland China)

参考资料
REFERENCES