新加坡华语资料库

本资料库收录了具有文化、历史或情感意义的华语词汇。这些词汇是新加坡人过去或现在的生活用语,有的见于印刷媒体,有的则在日常对话中使用。

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parang

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parang

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释义

名词

带木鞘的马来长刀、大刀,全长约一尺余。

DEFINITION

Noun

A long or broad Malay sword that is about one foot long, and comes with a wooden sheath.

由来
  • “巴冷刀”是马来语和华语的混合语。“巴冷”是马来语parang的音译。
  • Parang一词源自于18至19世纪的马来西亚,原为村子里人们用来防御野兽侵袭的武器。
  • 巴冷刀也是当地人在森林里建造房子、家具和农耕的工具。
  • 在东南亚热带地区,巴冷刀是居民用于砍树开路的工具。
  • 在婆罗洲,巴冷刀是达雅族(Dayak)猎人头习俗中用来斩首的工具。达雅族猎人头是为了祈求水稻丰收、让奴隶的亡灵能够见到主人,或用于提亲。
ETYMOLOGY
  • The Mandarin term 巴冷刀” is a combination of Malay and Mandarin. The Mandarin term 巴冷” is a transliteration of the Malay term parang.

  • The term parang originated from Malaysia between the 18th and 19th centuries. It was originally a weapon used by villagers to defend themselves against wild beasts.

  • Parangs are also used by locals to build houses in the jungle, construct furniture and in farming.

  • In tropical Southeast Asia, residents use parangs as tools to clear away trees for paths.

  • In Borneo, the parang is a tool used by Dayak headhunters to decapitate their enemy. The Dayak people practiced headhunting to pray for a good rice harvest, to allow the spirits of slaves to see their masters, or to pay dowry for marriages.

例句
有一天凌晨2点,四个歹徒手持巴冷刀闯进我们家,我不知何来胆子,竟赤手空拳与歹徒搏斗,最后虽被砍伤,送院缝了40多针,但却保住家人的安全,奋战中歹徒也被我打伤,过后被捕。(《联合晚报》,28/4/2018)
SAMPLE SENTENCE

One day, at 2 am in the morning, four gangsters broke into our house with parangs. I do not know how I found the courage, but I fought them with my bare hands. Although I was badly injured and needed to visit the hospital to get more than 40 stitches, I had kept my family safe. The gangsters had also been injured by me during the fight, and were arrested later. (Lianhe Wanbao28/4/2018)

其他地区用语

巴啷刀(马)

TERMS USED IN OTHER REGIONS

巴啷刀 (Malaysia)

相关资料

在新马一带,巴冷刀成为匪徒抢劫、私会党殴斗时常使用的武器。

RELATED INFORMATION

In Singapore and Malaysia, parangs were a common weapon used by robbers and secret societies during gang fights.

参考资料
REFERENCES