Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

bào

big-character poster

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big-character poster

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社会

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释义

名词

指追债人发出的文告。

DEFINITION

Noun

A public notice written by debt collectors.

由来
  • 如果向放高利贷的人(阿窿)借了钱到期没还清,阿窿一般会亲自或派手下到债户的住所或工作地点,张贴这类追债文告。
  • 大字报上一般会写上欠债者的姓名、住址等个人资料,有些也会写上污言秽语,以威胁或侮辱的口吻来逼迫欠债者还债。
  • 由于在公共场所张贴大字报属于破坏公物的行为,一旦被捕将被定罪。
ETYMOLOGY
  • Typically, if debtors fail to pay back their loans to loan sharks (also known as ah longs) on time, the loan sharks or their runners will paste such debt collection notices at the debtor’s residence or workplace.
  • Personal information such as the debtor’s name and address are usually written on the big-character posters. Some posters will also include vulgarities, threats or insults to force the debtors to repay their debts.
  • Putting up big-character posters is considered an act of vandalism. Once arrested, the offender will be convicted.
例句
警方在本月28日将三名女子逮捕归案,并在她们身上搜获62张追债大字报。初步调查显示,三人也曾在巴西立第1通道涉及另一起大耳窿骚扰案。(《联合早报》,30/4/2019)
SAMPLE SENTENCE
The police arrested three ladies on the 28th of this month and found 62 big-character posters in their possession. Preliminary investigations show that these three ladies were involved in another loan shark harassment case at Pasir Ris Drive 1. (Lianhe Zaobao, 30/4/2019)
相关资料

在中国大陆,大字报有另一种含义,与新加坡的大字报不同。在 1950年代的中国大陆所产生的“四大” ,包括大鸣、大放、大字报、大辩论,和“整风”运动有关。1960年代文化大革命时期,也频繁使用大字报,1980年代大字报的使用全面废除。

RELATED INFORMATION

In China, the term “big-character poster” has another meaning that is different from the one used in Singapore. In China during the 1950s, the “四大” (four bigs or four big rights), consisting of “大鸣”, “大放”, “大字报” and “大辩论” were associated with the Rectification Movement. Big-character posters were also widely used during the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s. The use of big-character posters stopped entirely in the 1980s.

参考资料
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