Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

liú

lián

durian

Food/Plants

食物、植物

Food / Plants

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durian

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Photo Courtesy of Singapore Tourism Board
Food/Plants

食物、植物

Food / Plants

释义

名词

著名的热带水果,有万果之王之称。也写作榴梿。

DEFINITION

Noun

A famous tropical fruit also known as the King of Fruits. Also known in Mandarin as “榴梿”.

由来
榴梿一词是马来语 durian的音译。“Duri”在马来语中的意思是“刺”,由于榴梿外壳带硬刺,故名为“Durian”。 榴梿原产于马来西亚半岛和婆罗洲,为东南亚一带所出产的富有经济价值的水果。榴梿的主要出口国包括马来西亚、泰国和印尼,主要出口至新加坡、香港、中国及美国。 榴梿是一种乔木,树身可高达40公尺。它的种植及生产根据气候的变化而有所差异。 榴梿的果实外壳呈球形并带硬刺。果肉呈乳白色、浅黄色等,果肉以甜中带苦味者为极品。 榴梿的营养价值很高,含有碳水化合物、蛋白质、磷、钙、维生素C等。 榴梿气味浓烈,因此在新加坡被禁止带入酒店、公共交通、购物中心等场所。 榴梿品种繁多,单是产自印尼的榴梿,就多达71个品种。
ETYMOLOGY
  • The Mandarin term榴梿” is a transliteration of the Malay term durian. The fruit is named after its outer shell which is full of thorns, otherwise known as duri in Malay.

  • The durian is native to Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo, and is an economically valuable fruit produced in Southeast Asia. The main exporters of durian include Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia, who mainly export them to Singapore, Hong Kong, China and the United States.

  • The durian tree is a woody tree that can grow to a height of 40m. Its cultivation and production vary according to the climate.

  • The shell of the durian is spherical with hard thorns, while its flesh is milky white, or light yellow. The best kind of durian is one that has sweet flesh with just a hint of bitterness.

  • Durians have high nutritional value, containing carbohydrates, protein, phosphorus, calcium, and vitamin C.

  • As durians have a very pungent smell, they are banned in various places in Singapore, such as hotels, public transportation, and shopping centers.

  • There are many varieties of durian, with up to 71 varieties produced in Indonesia alone.

例句
若担心吃完榴莲上火,可以过后吃点山竹,梨或西瓜等含水分比较多的水果,有助于解除燥热。(《联合晚报》,23/8/2014)
SAMPLE SENTENCE

If you are worried about becoming heaty” after eating durian, you can eat fruits that are high in water content, such as mangosteen, pear or watermelon to help relieve the heatiness” after consuming durian. (Lianhe Wanbao, 23/8/2014)

相关资料

  • 榴梿的学名为“Durio zibethinus L.”。
  • 马来西亚生产的榴梿,最受食客欢迎的品种有猫山王、黑珍珠、金凤、XO、D24、D13、D1、D101、红虾、青竹等。
  • “榴莲”的“莲”字,由于与万果之王无直接挂钩,而“梿”较能反映这一植物的本质和属性,因此该词的用法逐渐倾向于“榴梿”。

RELATED INFORMATION

  • The scientific name of the durian is Durio zibethinus L..

  • The most popular varieties of durian produced in Malaysiainclude Mao Shan Wang, Black Pearl, Golden Phoenix, XO, D24, D13, D1, D101, Red Shrimp and Green Bamboo.

  • There has been a gradual shift towards using the Mandarin name 榴梿” rather than 榴莲” for durian, because the character ” better reflects its nature and characteristics as a plant, whereas the character “莲” does not have any direct connection to the King of Fruits.

参考资料
REFERENCES