This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.
Food / Plants
A famous tropical fruit. Also known in Mandarin as “榴莲” and "万果之王".
If you are worried about becoming “heaty” after eating durian, you can eat fruits that are high in water content, such as mangosteen, pear or watermelon to help relieve the “heatiness” after consuming durian. (Lianhe Wanbao, 23/8/2014)
The scientific name of the durian is Durio zibethinus L..
The most popular varieties of durian produced in Malaysiainclude Mao Shan Wang, Black Pearl, Golden Phoenix, XO, D24, D13, D1, D101, Red Shrimp and Green Bamboo.
There has been a gradual shift towards using the Mandarin name “榴梿” rather than “榴莲” for durian, because the character “梿” better reflects its nature and characteristics as a plant, whereas the character “莲” does not have any direct connection to the King of Fruits.
Click here to view references for durian
ròu gŭ chá
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cháo zhōu fàn guǒ