Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

ōu

Eurasian

Communities/Organisations

社群、团体

Communities / Organisations

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Eurasian

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Photo courtesy of National Archives of Singapore
Communities/Organisations

社群、团体

Communities / Organisations

释义

名词

混合了欧洲和亚洲血统的族群及他们的后代,也称欧亚族。

DEFINITION

Noun

An ethnic group of persons and their descendants who are of mixed European and Asian lineage. Also known in Mandarin as 欧亚族.

由来
  • 英语“Eurasian”的意译。
  • 在19世纪初,海斯廷斯侯爵(Marquess of Hastings)兼印度总督(Governor of India)发明了这个词,指的是父系为欧洲祖先,母系为亚洲祖先的人士。此族群是葡、荷、英殖民者男性在16至18世纪在亚洲与当地女性通婚、繁衍的后代。
  • 由于欧亚裔的定义相当广泛,因此目前这个词可用以指所有继承欧亚血统的人。
  • “Eurasian” 一词在新加坡首次被官方使用,是在1849年的人口普查报告中。独立前,新加坡大约有25,000名欧亚裔人士。之后,有许多人在1960年至1980年期间,移民至澳洲和英国。现今新加坡的欧亚裔人口约15,500,占新加坡总人口的百分之0.4。
  • 新加坡欧亚裔除了有英、荷、葡系血缘,也混有华、巫、印族的血缘。这与亚洲其他地区欧亚裔的情况有较明显的不同。
ETYMOLOGY
  • The Mandarin term 欧亚裔” is a paraphrase of the English term Eurasian.

  • In the early 19th century, the Marquess of Hastings, who was also Governor of India, coined this term to refer to people who had European ancestry on their father's side and Asian ancestry on their mother's side. They are the offspring of the Portuguese, Dutch, and English colonial men who had intermarried and had children with Asian women between the 16th and 18th centuries.

  • As the definition of Eurasian is quite broad, the term can currently be used to refer to all people of Eurasian descent.

  • The term Eurasian” was first officially used in Singapore in the 1849 population census. Before Singapore’s independence, there were approximately 25,000 Eurasians in Singapore. After that, many of them emigrated to Australia and the United Kingdom between 1960 and 1980. At present, the Eurasian population in Singapore is about 15,500, accounting for 0.4% of the total population.

  • In addition to British, Dutch, and Portuguese ancestry, Eurasians in Singapore may have also descended from Chinese, Malays and Indians. This is significantly different from Eurasian lineage in other parts of Asia.

例句
顾名思义,欧亚裔是“欧洲人和亚洲人结合的后裔”,他们的祖辈主要来自16至18世纪殖民地时期的葡萄牙、荷兰和英国。(《联合早报》,25/8/2019)
SAMPLE SENTENCE

As the Mandarin name suggests, Eurasians are “descendants of both Europeans and Asians.” Their ancestors mainly came from Portugal, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom during the colonial period between the 16th and 18th centuries. (Lianhe Zaobao, 25/8/2019)

相关资料

葡系欧亚裔族群有自己的母语,叫克里斯坦语(Kristang),是葡萄牙语和马来语混合而成的克里欧语(Creole)。目前全球能流利使用这语言的只有50人左右,濒临灭绝。在2015年,我国民间发起了一个拯救与推广克里斯坦语语的团体,叫“Kodrah Kristang”(意思为复兴克里斯坦语)。

RELATED INFORMATION

The Portuguese-Eurasians are an ethnic group with its own mother tongue called Kristang, which is a creole language of Portuguese and Malay. At present, the language is spoken fluently by about 50 people in the world, and is on the verge of extinction. In 2015, the local community in Singapore established a group known as “Kodrah Kristang” (meaning “to revitalize the Kristang language”) to save and promote the language.

参考资料
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