Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

tiě

gōng

having a fist fight

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生活用语

Speech

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having a fist fight

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生活用语

Speech

释义

名词

指吝啬的人,但在新加坡也指互相殴斗。

DEFINITION

Noun

The Mandarin term “铁公鸡” refers to a stingy person. However, in Singapore, the term also means “ having a fistfight”.

由来

在新加坡的华文报章上,常会看到有关“上演铁公鸡”的报道,主要指的是殴斗事件或有人蓄意闹事。
  • “铁公鸡”这一词汇的运用,据说是源自一部名为《铁公鸡》的戏剧,故事以清朝的太平天国为背景,剧中绰号为“铁公鸡”的主角以真刀真枪和敌人打斗。
  • 据说《铁公鸡》的角色多系辫子,而辫子是满清统治者在17世纪中期强迫汉族男性必须留的发型,被视为是一种耻辱。1950年代,当时的中国政府就禁演了京剧版的《铁公鸡》。
  • 在1970和1980年代,《铁公鸡》的戏曲或电影受到新加坡华族观众的青睐,风靡一时。
  • ETYMOLOGY

    • The term “上演铁公鸡” can often be seen in local Chinese newspaper reports and mainly refers to incidents which involve people fighting or intentionally disturbing public peace. 

    • The term “铁公鸡” is said to have originated from a play of the same name, which is also the nickname of the play’s protagonist. The play is set in the Taiping Rebellion during the Qing Dynasty, and the protagonist fights his enemies with real knives and spears. 

    • It is said that many of the characters in the play had pigtails. This hairstyle was forced upon Han men by the Manchu government in the mid-17th century, and was deemed to be humiliating. In the 1950s, the Chinese Government banned the Peking Opera version of the play. 

    • Around the 1970s and 80s, both the opera and movie version of the play were exceptionally popular among Chinese audiences in Singapore.

    例句

    女拖车司机和男轿车司机公路上演铁公鸡,女司机还拿出铁棍猛砸轿车车窗,双双被捕,今因涉嫌滋事打架面控。(《新明日报》,1/8/2019

    SAMPLE SENTENCE

    The female tow truck driver and the male car driver were seen having a fistfight along the road. The female driver even took out an iron rod to smash the car’s windows. Both parties were arrested and charged with assault and affray.

     (Shin Min Daily News, 1/8/2019)

    参考资料

    REFERENCES