Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

Housing Development Board (HDB) flat

Places

地理相关

Places

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Housing Development Board (HDB) flat

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Places

地理相关

Places

释义

名词

由新加坡政府建造的居民住宅。

DEFINITION

Noun

Residential apartments built by the Singapore government.

由来
  • 早在英国殖民时期,新加坡就常面临居民住屋短缺的问题。1927年,殖民政府成立了新加坡改良信托局(Singapore Improvement Trust, SIT),负责市镇规划、道路建设和城市的整体改进。
  • 1932年,居民住宅的短缺促使政府扩大改良信托局的职责,为低收入群体提供住房。
  • 日据时期迫使改良信托局的建屋计划暂停。
  • 1947年至1959年,改良信托局建设的住房预计有2万907个单位,但进度仍无法解决住宅短缺的问题。
  • 新加坡政府于1960年成立了建屋发展局(Housing Development Board,简称建屋局),这也意味着改良信托局的解散。建屋局原先仅提供出租的单位。
  • 1964年,建屋局推出了“居者有其屋”的计划(Home Ownership Scheme),这些住房以99年地契售卖,普遍称为“组屋”。
  • 如今,建屋局供出售的组屋主要分二房式灵活组屋(2-Room Flexi Flat)、三房式、四房式、五房式、三代同堂组屋(3-generation (3Gen) Flat)和公寓式组屋(executive flat)。
ETYMOLOGY
  • Housing shortage is a common issue in Singapore since the British colonial era. In 1927, the colonial government established the Singapore Improvement Trust (SIT), which oversees the town planning, infrastructure construction and other issues related to the development of the city.
  • In 1932, the housing shortage led the Government to expand the scope of the SIT’s responsibilities, to include the provision of housing for the lower-income groups.
  • The SIT’s housing plans were forced into hiatus during the Japanese Occupation.
  • Between 1947 and 1959, the SIT built 20,907 new units, but even that was unable to meet the demand for housing.
  • In 1960, the Singapore government established the Housing Development Board (HDB) that took over the role of the SIT. Initially, HDB only provided rental units.
  • In 1964, HDB started the Home Ownership Scheme, which allows flats to be sold with a 99-year lease. These flats are commonly known as “HDB flats”.
  • Currently, the types of flats sold by HDB include the 2-room Flexi flats, 3-room flats, 4-room flats, 5-room flats, 3-generation (3Gen) flats and executive flats.
例句
建屋发展局更新可供常年申购的剩余组屋名单,共243个单位可供选择,其中三代同堂单位占了约两成,有多达49个单位,分布于武吉班让和兀兰。(《联合早报》,27/8/2019)
SAMPLE SENTENCE
HDB updated the list of balance HDB flats for sale. There is a total of 243 units available for purchase., of which 20% are 3Gen flats located in Bukit Panjang and Woodlands, amounting to 49 units in total. (Lianhe Zaobao, 27/8/2019)
其他地区用语

国民住房(大陆)、公屋(港)、国民住宅、国宅(台)

TERMS USED IN OTHER REGIONS

国民住房 (Mainland China), 公屋 (Hong Kong), 国民住宅、国宅 (Taiwan)

参考资料
REFERENCES