This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.
Legal / Politics
无党派议员，由国会特别遴选委员会（Special Select Committee）遴选与推荐，并由总统任命。
The term refers to Members of Parliament (MPs) who are not affiliated with any political party. They are selected and recommended by the Special Select Committee, and appointed by the President.
The Mandarin term “官委议员” is a paraphrase of the English term “Nominated Member of Parliament” (NMP).
Unlike elected MPs, NMPs are first recommended by the public for their outstanding contributions to society. They are then selected by the Special Select Committee before being appointed by the President. To qualify as having performed outstanding contributions, NMP candidates must have excelled in a certain field, brought honour to Singapore or held a record of distinguished public service.
The NMP scheme was first introduced in 1990. Its aim was for NMPs to provide a wide range of alternative nonpartisan views.
Candidates must fulfil the following criteria to become an NMP:
be at least 21 years of age on Nomination Day;
name appears in the current register of electors;
resident in Singapore for at least 10 years prior to the day of nomination;
able to actively take part in Parliamentary proceedings and is able to read and write in at least one of the four official languages (English, Malay, Mandarin and Tamil);
not disqualified from being a Member of Parliament (MP).
NMPs serve a term of two and a half years and may be reappointed after their term ends.
NMPs are usually elected from seven different professional sectors, namely business and industry, the professions, labour movement, social service organisations, civic and people sector, tertiary education institutions, and the media, arts and sports.
Click here to view references for Nominated Member of Parliament (NMP)
jìn zhì lìng
jiǎn chá sī