Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

orchid

img

食物、植物

Food / Plants

Share via

orchid

Share via
img

食物、植物

Food / Plants

释义

名词

兰花。主要指洋兰,不同于中国兰花(国兰)。新加坡的国花。英语“orchid”的音译。

DEFINITION

Noun

The term is the transliteration of “orchid”, which differs from the Chinese term “lan hua” (兰花) commonly known elsewhere.

由来

  • 1893年,新加坡园艺师艾妮丝·卓锦万代兰(Agnes Joaquim)让植物园第一任园长亨利· 尼古拉斯(Henry Ridley)观赏她花园中盛开的胡姬花,从此开启了新加坡种植胡姬花的市场。她的胡姬花属于配种,之后由植物园种植,这也是著名的卓锦万代兰(Vanda Miss Joaquim)。
  • 目前,全世界的胡姬花共有3万多种,新加坡的国家胡姬园所培植的胡姬花混合品种大约有2000种。胡姬花的色彩多样,有白、黄、粉红、紫红、茶褐和天蓝等多种颜色。
  • 从1956年起,新加坡政府用来访贵宾的名字为胡姬新品种命名,表示最高的礼遇。
  • 1981年,胡姬花卓锦万代兰成为新加坡国花。

ETYMOLOGY

  • In 1893, Agnes Joaquim, a Singapore horticulturalist, invited Henry Ridley, the first director of the Singapore Botanic Gardens, to her garden which was blooming with orchids. This opened up the market for planting orchids in Singapore from then on. Her orchids were hybrids, which were subsequently planted by the Singapore Botanic Gardens. This was how the famous Vanda Miss Joaquim originated.
  • At present, there are about 30,000 species of orchids in the world, about 2,000 of which are cultivated in Singapore. The colours of orchids vary from white, yellow, pink, purple, brown to sky blue and many more.
  • Since 1956, the Singapore Government began to name new breeds of orchids after distinguished guests, as a highest form of honour to these dignitaries.
  • In 1981, Vanda Miss Joaquim became the national flower of Singapore.

例句

国家公园局将耗资3500万元更新和增添国家胡姬园的部分设施,打造新的热带高山胡姬展览馆。(《联合晚报》,1/7/2017)

SAMPLE SENTENCE

The National Parks Board will spend $35 million to update and upgrade some of the facilities in the National Orchid Garden, to create a new tropical alpine Orchid Exhibition Hall. (Lianhe Wanbao, 1/7/2017)

其他地区用语

兰花(大陆、港、台)

TERMS USED IN OTHER REGIONS

兰花 (Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan)

参考资料

REFERENCES