Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

shèng

táo

shā

Sentosa

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地理相关

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Sentosa

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Places

地理相关

Places

释义

名词

新加坡的一个离岛,著名的旅游胜地。马来语“Sentosa”音译,表示“安乐”、“安宁”的意思。

DEFINITION

Noun

An outlying island in Singapore, and a famous tourist attraction. The term is the transliteration of the Malay word “Sentosa”, which means “peace” and “tranquility”.

由来
  • 圣淘沙岛,原名“绝后岛”(马来语为Pulau Blakang Mati),此名可能在19世纪以前就已存在。名字的由来说法不一,其中一说为早期岛上面临海盗的残害,另一说则声称“战士”的遗体葬在附近。
  • 1880年代,英军在岛上建设海域防卫设施,其中的西乐索炮台 (Fort Siloso) 至今已改造成西乐索炮台投降纪念馆 (Surrender Chambers)。
  • 1942年,英国殖民者为了守护新加坡这块殖民地,在岛上装置了枪支设备。当日本军入侵新加坡时,绝后岛成为许多华人被日军杀害的地点。
  • 1963年的马来西亚条约中,绝后岛被列为属新加坡的一部分,新加坡取得独立后也维持不变。
  • 1969年,新加坡旅游局(当时为新加坡旅游促进局)计划将“绝后岛”改为旅游胜地,1972年举行的命名比赛, “圣淘沙” 一名在比赛中胜出。圣淘沙在马来语是指“和平与安宁”的意思。
  • 2010年,圣淘沙迎来了世界级的旅游圣地—圣淘沙名胜世界(Resorts World Sentosa),主要景点包括东南亚首个环球影城与新加坡第一个赌场。
ETYMOLOGY
  • Sentosa Island was formerly known as Pulau Blakang Mati, which means the “Island of Death Behind” in Malay. This name might have existed even before the nineteenth century. There are different versions of how the island came to acquire this name. One version attributed it to killing and piracy on the island in its early days, while another version claimed that the bodies of “warriors” were buried nearby.
  • In the 1880s, the British army built maritime defense facilities on the island. Fort Siloso on Sentosa has now been converted into the Fort Siloso Surrender Chambers.
  • In 1942, the British colonists installed gun equipment on the island to protect the colony of Singapore. When the Japanese army invaded Singapore, many Chinese were killed by the Japanese on Pulau Blakang Mati.
  • In the Malaysia Agreement signed on 1963, Pulau Blakang Mati was included as part of Singapore. Its status remained unchanged after Singapore gained its independence.
  • In 1969, the Singapore Tourism Board (formerly known as Singapore Tourist Promotion Board) planned to convert Pulau Blakang Mati into a tourist attraction. The board organized a naming competition, and the name “Sentosa” emerged as winner. Sentosa means “peace” and “tranquility” in Malay.
  • In 2010, Sentosa welcomed Resorts World Sentosa, a world-class tourist destination. The main attractions in Resorts World Sentosa include the first Universal Studio in Southeast Asia and the first casino in Singapore.
例句
这次的展览,最难的部分就是雕出具有3D效果的圣淘沙标志,因为角度和测量必须精准才能得到3D效果。(《我报》,16/8/2012)
SAMPLE SENTENCE
In this exhibition, the most challenging segment was to sculpt a 3D Sentosa logo because the angle and measurement must be accurate to achieve the desired effects. (My Paper, 16/8/2012)
参考资料
REFERENCES