Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

mín

fáng

duì
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社群、团体

Communities / Organisations

Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF)

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社群、团体

Communities / Organisations

释义

名词

在新加坡专门从事紧急救援服务的队伍。

DEFINITION

Noun

A team specialising in emergency services in Singapore.

由来

  • 19世纪时期,新加坡大部分的住屋与其他建筑物以木材建造,而人们以火来烹饪和照明,为此火患屡见不鲜。1888年新加坡消防部队(Singapore Fire Brigade, SFB)正式成立。
  • 1891年,克罗士街消防局(Cross Street Station)成为新加坡第一家消防局。1908年,禧街消防局(Hill Street Fire Station)建成,1950年改名为中央消防局(Central Fire Station)。
  • 新加坡消防部队早期主要负责救火服务,很少提供民防方面的服务。到了1949年,当时的政府推出了民防计划(Civil Defence Plan),之后成立了新加坡民防队(Singapore Civil Defence Corps)。
  • 国家民防计划(National Civil Defence Plan)于1982年推出,而后于1986年制定了民防法(Civil Defence Act)。在民防法的制定下,同年也成立了新加坡民防部队(Singapore Civil Defence Force, SCDF)。
  • 1989年,新加坡消防服务(Singapore Fire Service, SFS)与新加坡民防部队合体为新加坡联合民防部队(Singapore Joint Civil Defence Force),并于1992年改名为新加坡民防部队(Singapore Civil Defence Forces, SCDF),沿用至今。

ETYMOLOGY

  • In the nineteenth century, most of the houses and buildings in Singapore were made of wood, and people used fire for cooking and lighting. Therefore, fires were common. In 1888, the Singapore Fire Brigade (SFB) was officially established.
  • In 1891, the Cross Street Station became the first fire station in Singapore. Hill Street Fire Station was built in 1908, and was renamed Central Fire Station in 1950.
  • In its early days, SFB mainly provided firefighting services and rarely provided civil defence services. In 1949, the then government rolled out the Civil Defence Plan, and later established the Singapore Civil Defence Corps.
  • The National Civil Defence Plan was launched in 1982, and the Civil Defence Act was enacted in 1986. Under the Civil Defence Act, the Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) was established in the same year.
  • In 1989, the Singapore Fire Service (SFS) and the Singapore Civil Defence Force were merged into the Singapore Joint Civil Defence Force. In 1992, it was renamed the Singapore Civil Defence Forces (SCDF), a name still used today.

例句

民防建设队属国民服役义务,建设队与当时已经建立的“民防队”相辅,是我国民防的两大支柱,可算是民防部队的雏形。(《联合早报》,11/5/2019)

SAMPLE SENTENCE

The Construction Brigade is a national service obligation. At that time, the Construction Brigade and the Civil Defence Corps, which complemented each other, served as the two major pillars of our civil defence, and can be regarded as the embryonic form of the Civil Defence Forces. (Lianhe Zaobao, 11/5/2019)

其他地区用语

消防救援局(大陆)、消防处(港)、消防署(台)

TERMS USED IN OTHER REGIONS

消防救援局 (Mainland China), 消防处 (Hong Kong), 消防署 (Taiwan)

相关资料

暂无

RELATED INFORMATION

to be updated

参考资料

REFERENCES