Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

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Values in Action (VIA)

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教育

Education

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Values in Action (VIA)

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教育

Education

释义

名词

新加坡教育部规定学生参加社区服务的项目。

DEFINITION

Noun

Community service projects in which the Singapore Ministry of Education requires students to participate.

由来

  • 2012年“德育在于行动”(Values in Action, VIA)的计划,取代了于1997年推行的社区服务计划(Community Involvement Programme, CIP)。
  • “德育在于行动”保留了社区服务计划要求学生每年必须完成至少6小时的社区服务的规定,但也更注重学生接受基本价值观(core values)的熏陶。此外,“德育在于行动”计划也将学生的表现分为5个阶层, 主要根据学生对服务弱势群体和广大民众的主动性来评估他们的表现。
  • 另外,这项计划从服务时长或参与次数的多寡(或两者)来评估学生的参与度,最终的评估成绩可转换为学生的奖励积分(bonus points),用于报读初级学院和理工学院。这项以参与度换取奖励积分的措施从2014年读中一的那届学生开始实行。

ETYMOLOGY

  • In 2012, the Values in Action (VIA) programme replaced the Community Involvement Programme (CIP), which was introduced in 1997.
  • Like CIP, the VIA programme requires students to complete at least 6 hours of community service per year. It also places greater emphasis on developing the desired core values in students. VIA projects also categorise a student’s performance into five levels, based on their initiative to serve the underprivileged and the general public.
  • In addition, this programme assesses a student’s level of engagement based on their length of service or the number of times they have participated in the programme (or both). The final assessment result can be converted into bonus points for a student’s entry into junior colleges and polytechnics. This bonus points system was implemented from the 2014 Secondary One cohort.

例句

与社区服务计划不同,德育在于行动更注重培养学生的自发及独立性,比如与其由学校决定学生的社会参与对象和范围,学生可以用小组形式,先到社区观察和发掘社区的需要,然后讨论提出试验性的解决方案,接着把方案付诸行动。(《联合早报》,19/9/2018)

SAMPLE SENTENCE

Unlike the Community Involvement Programme (CIP), Values in Action (VIA) focus more on developing a student’s initiative and independence. For example, instead of the school deciding on the target and scope of the community involvement for the students, students could observe and explore the needs of the community in small groups, brainstorm and propose an experimental solution, before putting the proposal into action. (Lianhe Zaobao, 19/9/2018

相关资料

Photo courtesy of Ministry of Education, Singapore

RELATED INFORMATION

Photo courtesy of Ministry of Education, Singapore

参考资料

REFERENCES