Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

chā

achar

Food/Plants

食物、植物

Food / Plants

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achar

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Photo courtesy of Alpha (Wikimedia Commons)
Food/Plants

食物、植物

Food / Plants

释义

名词

一种常见于娘惹、马来,以及印度菜肴中的腌制开胃小菜。也称阿渣。

DEFINITION

Noun

A pickled appetiser commonly found in Nyonya, Malay, and Indian cuisine. Also known in Mandarin as 阿渣.

由来
  • 源自波斯语,随后传入印度各语。后来,由印地语achar传入葡萄牙语,又传入英语及马来语。华语“亚喳”是achar的音译。
  • 早在1563年,葡萄牙人就记载印度有这种食品。
  • 亚喳的一般做法是把青瓜、萝卜、菜花、包菜等生菜切成块或条,然后加入辣椒、花生碎来腌制。有一种做法是用叁峇酱来做调配。
ETYMOLOGY
  • The term achar” originated from Persian and was subsequently introduced into the languages in India. The Hindi term achar was later introduced into Portuguese, then into English and Malay. The Chinese term 亚喳” is a transliteration of the term achar.
  • From as early as 1563, the Portuguese had recorded this dish in India.
  • Achar is usually made by slicing cucumber, radish, cauliflower, cabbage and other raw vegetables into pieces or strips. Chillis and crushed peanuts are then added into the vegetables before pickling. One method of making achar is to use sambal chilli.
例句
95岁曾祖母首创业,将在本周末和71岁媳妇摆摊卖家传阿渣,希望能保住家传食谱,发展成一门生意。(《联合早报》,17/11/2017)
SAMPLE SENTENCE

The 95-year-old great-grandmother and first-time entrepreneur will be setting up a stall with her 71-year-old daughter-in-law this weekend to sell achar, in the hopes of keeping the family recipe alive and developing it into a business. (Lianhe Zaobao, 17/11/2017)

参考资料
REFERENCES