Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

àn

guì

jīn

deposit

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社会

Social

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deposit

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社会

Social

释义

名词

保证金或押金,一般也指参选人所需付的押金。

DEFINITION

Noun

A sum of money payable as a pledge or as a down payment. Also commonly used to refer to the amount pledged by political nominees prior to elections.

由来

  • 按柜金与中国古代的“押柜”意思相近,指的是旧时向店家购买物品时须缴付保证金,并必须有证人(父亲或兄长)担保,以避免物品遗失或持货物窃逃。
  • 此外,举行选举时,候选人一般需要缴付竞选按柜金。根据新加坡国会选举法(Parliamentary Elections Act)规定,任何候选人的得票率若只达12.5%或更低,竞选按柜金将被没收,并拨入政府统合基金(consolidated fund)。

ETYMOLOGY

  • The term “deposit” is similar to the “guarantee pledge” used in ancient China. In the olden days, shopkeepers would ask for a guarantee payment when selling their wares, and also ask for a witness (usually the father or brother), in case the item goes missing or the person runs away with the goods.
  • In Singapore, candidates who contest a General Elections are required to pay for an election deposit. According to the Parliamentary Elections Act, if the candidate garnered 12.5% or less of the votes cast, the deposit will be confiscated and transferred to the government’s consolidated fund.

例句

选举法规定每名候选人须缴付1万4500元的竞选按柜金,比2011年大选时的1万6000元低。这笔数目是以国会议员前一年所领取的全年津贴的8%计算出来。任何候选人的得票率如少于12.5%,这笔按柜金将被没收。(《联合早报》,26/8/2015)

SAMPLE SENTENCE

The Parliamentary Elections Act dictates that every candidate must pay a deposit of $14,500. This is less than the $16,000 required in the 2011 elections. The amount is derived from 8% of the total subsidies received by a member of parliament in the previous year. If the candidate garners less than 12.5% of the total votes cast for the constituency contested, the deposit will be confiscated. (Lianhe Zaobao, 26/8/2015)

其他地区用语

按金(港)、押金(台)

TERMS USED IN OTHER REGIONS

按金 (Hong Kong), 押金 (Taiwan)

相关资料

Photo courtesy of Elections Department Singapore

RELATED INFORMATION

Photo courtesy of Elections Department Singapore

参考资料

REFERENCES