Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

jiàn

zhǎn

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社群、团体

Communities / Organisations

Housing and Development Board (HDB)

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社群、团体

Communities / Organisations

释义

名词

新加坡的法定机构,负责制定住房的计划、标准与法规,也负责人民住房的规划、编配、建造与管理。简称“建屋局”。

DEFINITION

Noun

A statutory board in Singapore responsible for the development of housing plans, standards and regulations, as well as the planning, allocation, construction and management of public housing in Singapore. Also abbreviated as “HDB”.

由来

  • 为了应付新加坡当时房屋短缺的危机,新加坡政府于1960年2月1日成立了建屋发展局。1965年,建屋局完成了首个五年的建屋计划,成功建造了约5万4000个住房单位。这些住房单位也称为“组屋”。
  • 原本建屋局的组屋仅供出租,直到1964年实施了“居者有其屋”的计划(Home Ownership Scheme),让国人能拥有自己的房子。1968年起,政府也让人民使用公积金储蓄分期支付房贷。
  • 组屋原本只供新加坡公民购买,从1989年起,新加坡永久居民也可购买。建屋局在1991年宣布让年龄满35岁或以上的单身人士,也可拥有购买组屋的选择。
  • 建屋局为超过80%的新加坡人提供了价格优惠的组屋,这些组屋遍布全岛各地。

ETYMOLOGY

  • The Singapore Government set up the Housing and Development Board (HDB) on 1 February 1960, to deal with the crisis of housing shortage in Singapore at that time. In 1965, HDB completed the first 5-year housing project and successfully built around 54,000 housing units. These housing units are also known as “flats”.
  • Until the implementation of the Home Ownership Scheme in 1964, HDB flats were initially for rent only, which allow Singaporeans to own flats. Since 1968, the government has also allowed the use of Central Provident Fund (CPF) savings to pay for mortgage instalments.
  • Initially, only Singapore citizens were allowed to purchase HDB flats, however Permanent Residents were also allowed to purchase since 1989. In 1991, HDB announced that singles aged 35 or above were eligible to purchase these flats too.
  • HDB has provided more than 80% of Singaporeans with affordable housing, and HDB flats are located all over the island.

例句

建屋发展局展开今年最后一轮的组屋销售活动,8230组屋单位从即日起供国人选购。(《新明日报》,14/11/2017)

SAMPLE SENTENCE

The Housing and Development Board has launched this year’s final round of sales for flats, with 8230 flat units now open for Singaporeans to purchase. (Shin Min Daily News, 14/11/2017)

其他地区用语

TERMS USED IN OTHER REGIONS

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