Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

zhǔ

xué

xiào

Independent School

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教育

Education

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Independent School

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教育

Education

释义

名词

可灵活决定教育事宜的学校,如学校的学费、课程、学术和非学术活动等。

DEFINITION

Noun

A school with flexibility to decide on education matters, such as school fees, school curriculum, academic and non-academic programmes.

由来

  • 1985年,新加坡第一任副总理吴作栋提出让学校享有更多自主权,也让校长在聘请教职人员、计划学校课程和选用课本方面有更大的权力。
  • 1988年三所政府辅助中学——英华中学(Anglo-Chinese School)、华侨中学(The Chinese High School, now Hwa Chong Institution)和圣若瑟书院(St Joseph’s Institution)成功申请为自主学校。
  • 1990年,莱佛士书院(Raffles Institution)成为第一所成功申请为自主学校的政府学校。
  • 自主学校可自行制定学费数额。由于相较政府或政府辅助学校,自主学校的学费较高,因此政府也推出了一项经济援助计划 (Financial Assistance Scheme),让来自低收入家庭的学生也能有机会就读自主学校。
  • 2004年,教育部推出了直通车课程(Integrated Programme),让成绩优异的学生无需参加O水准考试,直接参与六年的中学与初级学院课程,最终获取A水准考试证书或专科文凭。有六所自主学校推出了直通车课程。

ETYMOLOGY

  • In 1985, Singapore’s first Deputy Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong proposed to let schools have more autonomy, and let principals have greater authority in the hiring of teachers, planning of school curriculum and choosing of textbooks.
  • In 1988, 3 government-assisted schools—Anglo-Chinese School, The Chinese High School (now Hwa Chong Institution) and St. Joseph's Institution successfully applied to become independent schools.
  • In 1990, Raffles Institution became the first government school to successfully apply to become an independent school.
  • Independent schools can set their own school fees. Since the school fees of independent schools are higher than those of government or government-assisted schools, the government has also introduced a Financial Assistance Scheme to provide students from low-income families the opportunity to attend independent schools.
  • In 2004, the Ministry of Education launched the Integrated Programme, which allows outstanding students to participate in the six-year secondary and junior college courses without having to take the GCE O-Level examinations, and ultimately obtain a GCE A-level examination certificate or a specialist diploma. Six independent schools have launched the Integrated Programme in their syllabus.

例句

教育部已通过一系列措施,确保热门学校保持开放。王乙康说,自主学校校长更积极向不同小学的优秀生招手,中低收入学生目前也能申请教育部的自主学校助学金。(《联合早报》,28/12/2018)

SAMPLE SENTENCE

The Ministry of Education has introduced a series of measures to ensure that the highly sought-after schools remain accessible. Minister Ong Ye Kung said, independent schools’ principals are actively welcoming exceptional primary school students from different schools. Students from low and middle-income families can also apply for the Financial Assistance Scheme to help with the fees for independent schools. (Lianhe Zaobao, 28/12/2018)

其他地区用语

直接资助计划中学(港)

TERMS USED IN OTHER REGIONS

直接资助计划中学 (Hong Kong)

相关资料

自主学校也可以是特别辅助计划下的特选学校,如华侨中学和南洋女子中学校。

参考资料

REFERENCES