Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

dān

xuǎn

Single Member Constituency (SMC)

Legal/Politics

法政

Legal / Politics

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Single Member Constituency (SMC)

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Photo courtesy of Elections Department Singapore
Legal/Politics

法政

Legal / Politics

释义

名词

由单个候选人竞选国会议席的选区。

DEFINITION

Noun

A constituency in which an individual candidate runs for Member of Parliament (MP).

由来
在单选区里,每个政党只可以派出一名候选人,竞选国会议席。也称单议席选区。
  • 按照新加坡国会选举法(Parliamentary Elections Act, Cap. 218)第8A(1A) 条要求,在任何时候,全国至少需有8个单选区。
  • 除了单选区,新加坡也有集选区制度,集选区可竞选多过一个议席。
  • 1991年,新加坡全国有21个单选区。
  • 1996年,全国的单选区数量减少至9个。
  • 2020年,全国的单选区数量增加,共有14个单选区。
  • ETYMOLOGY
    • In a SMC, each political party may only field one single candidate to run for Parliament. SMCs are also known as single-MP constituencies. 

    • According to Section 8A(1A) of the Parliamentary Elections Act (Cap. 218), there must be at least eight SMCs in the country at any given time.

    • In addition to SMCs, Singapore also has Group Representation Constituencies (GRC), in which more than one candidate runs for Parliament.

    • In 1991, Singapore had a total of 21 SMCs.

    • The total number of SMCs were reduced to nine in 1996.

    • In 2020, the total number of SMCs in the country has increased to a total of 14.

    例句
    上一届大选的单选区已比之前多,似乎要给国人更多投选个别议员的选择。(《联合早报》,21/10/2019)
    SAMPLE SENTENCE

    The number of SMCs in the last general election was greater than those in previous years, which seemed to allow more choices for Singaporeans when voting for individual Members of Parliament.  (Lianhe Zaobao, 21/10/2019)

    参考资料
    REFERENCES