Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

bié

xué

xiào

Special Education (SPED) school

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教育

Education

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Special Education (SPED) school

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教育

Education

释义

名词

为有特别需求的孩童提供教育和技能培训的学校。

DEFINITION

Noun

A school that offers education and skills training to children with special needs.

由来

  • 1965年以前,有特别需求(如体障、感官障碍等)的孩童主要由志愿福利团体为他们的教育提供援助。
  • 1970年代,教育部开始为有智能障碍的孩童提供特别教育,并且设立了校内社会工作与校内心理服务部门(School Social Work and School Psychological Services Branch)。1972年,卫生部设立了孩童心理诊所(Child Psychiatric Clinic)。
  • 除了一些为有体障、感官障碍和智能障碍的孩童提供教育的特别学校,有更多特别学校相继在1980年代和1990年代成立,为患有自闭症障碍(Autism spectrum disorders)和多重障碍的孩童提供特别教育。
  • 发展至今,特别学校主要由志愿福利机构(Volunteer Welfare Organisations, VWOs,现在普遍称社区服务机构 Social Service Organisations, SSOs)管理,并由教育部和国家福利理事会(National Council of Social Service,NCSS)资助。
  • 2012年起,特别学校的教育主要以“生活、学习和工作”(Living, Learning and Working, LLW)为目标,让有特别需求的学生能够踏入社会工作并且独立地生活。

ETYMOLOGY

  • Before 1965, voluntary welfare groups offered educational assistance and support to children with special needs (such as physical and sensory disabilities).
  • In the 1970s, the Ministry of Education began offering special education to children with intellectual disabilities and established the School Social Work and School Psychological Services Branch. In 1972, the Ministry of Health established the Child Psychiatric Clinic.
  • In addition to some special education (SPED) schools which offered education to children with physical, sensory and intellectual disabilities, more SPED schools continued to emerge in the 1980s and 1990s, offering special education to children with autism spectrum disorders and multiple disabilities.
  • Today, SPED schools are managed by Voluntary Welfare Organisations (VWOs, which are now commonly known as Social Service Organisations (SSOs)), and are funded by the Ministry of Education and the National Council of Social Service (NCSS)
  • Starting from 2012, education in SPED schools primarily focuses on “Living, Learning and Working (LLW)” so that students with special needs are able to work and live independently.

例句

立达高级特别学校凭着“我为生活做好准备”这个学习项目,成为今年其中一所获颁“教育部——全国福利理事会创新奖”的特别学校。这所学校为年龄介于17岁至21岁的轻微智障学生提供职业培训,学生也在课堂掌握语言和算术能力。(《联合早报》,26/11/2018)

SAMPLE SENTENCE

The ASPN Delta Senior School became one of the special education (SPED) schools that won the “Ministry of Education-National Council of Social Service Innovation Award” this year with its programme “I’m Ready for Life”. The school offers vocational training to students aged 17 to 21 years old with mild intellectual disabilities. Students can also master language and numeracy skills in the classroom. (Lianhe Zaobao, 26/11/2018)

其他地区用语

特殊教育学校(大陆、台)、特殊学校(港)

TERMS USED IN OTHER REGIONS

特殊教育学校 (Mainland China, Taiwan), 特殊学校 (Hong Kong)

参考资料

REFERENCES