Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

wèi

sài

jié

Vesak Day

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文化

Culture

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Vesak Day

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文化

Culture

释义

名词

纪念佛教始祖释迦牟尼诞生、成道和涅槃的节日。新加坡的公定假日之一。

DEFINITION

Noun

A day to commemorate the birth, enlightenment and nirvana of Sakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism. This is also a public holiday in Singapore.

由来

  • 在佛教的节庆中,卫塞节是重要的节日,也是世界各地佛教徒普天同庆的日子。这一天主要纪念佛教始祖释迦牟尼诞生、成道和涅槃。
  • 有一说是“卫塞”为巴利文 Vesakha(一个阴历月份名称,一般为阳历的四月到六月)的音译。
  • 1955年,新加坡政府宣布将卫塞节列为公定假日。此外,卫塞节也定在农历四月的第一个圆月(大约阳历五月)。

ETYMOLOGY

  • Vesak Day is an important festival among the various Buddhist festivals, and is also a day of celebration for Buddhists all over the world. Vesak Day mainly commemorates the birth, enlightenment and nirvana of Sakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism.
  • There is a saying that the word Vesak is derived from the Pali word, Vesakha (the name of a month in the lunar calendar, typically between April and June of the solar calendar).
  • In 1955, the Singapore government declared Vesak Day a public holiday. Vesak Day falls on the first full moon of the fourth month on the lunar calendar (around May of the solar calendar).

例句

国防部兼外交部高级政务部长,东南区市长孟理齐博士昨天携妻子和一对儿女参加活动。他说:“今年的斋戒月和卫塞节巧遇,我很高兴看到不同种族,不同宗教的青年在庆祝卫塞节的同时,加深对开斋节的了解。”(《联合早报》,30/5/2018)

SAMPLE SENTENCE

Dr. Mohamad Maliki bin Osman, Senior Minister of State, Ministry of Defence & Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mayor, South East District, attended the event yesterday with his wife and his children. He said, “Ramadan and Vesak Day falls on the same day this year. I am glad to see youths of different races and religions celebrating Vesak Day while deepening their understanding of Ramadan.” (Lianhe Zaobao, 30/5/2018)

其他地区用语

佛诞节(港)、佛陀诞辰纪念日(台)

TERMS USED IN OTHER REGIONS

佛诞节 (Hong Kong), 佛陀诞辰纪念日 (Taiwan)

相关资料

  • 卫塞节当天,一些例常的重点活动包括 “浴佛” 和“三步一拜”。“浴佛”是供奉一盆清净的水并以勺舀水,将水洒在佛像上,代表洗去贪心、骄傲、自满、生气、妒忌和自私等不良的习气。“三步一拜”指的是信众每走散步便得五体投地,向佛祖口头跪拜,这种做法象征信众以忏悔的心向佛祖表达最崇高的敬意。
  • Photo courtesy of Dorje tenzin - https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49898277

RELATED INFORMATION

  • Some traditional activities held on Vesak Day include the “Bathing the Buddha” ritual and the “Three-Step, One-Bow” rituals. For “Bathing the Buddha”, devotees scoop clean water from a basin and sprinkle it over a statue of Buddha. This represents the washing away of bad habits such as greed, pride, complacency, anger, jealousy and selfishness. In the “Three-Step, One-Bow” ritual, devotees prostrate themselves before Buddha with every three steps they take, symbolizing their repentance as well as their highest form of reverence to Buddha.
  • Photo courtesy of Dorje tenzin - https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49898277

参考资料

REFERENCES