Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

shú

shí

zhōng

xīn

hawker centre

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hawker centre

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释义

名词

售卖熟食的地方,由政府建造,一般是有盖无冷气开放式的场所。也称小贩中心。

DEFINITION

Noun

A place where cooked food is sold. Built by the government, it is usually a sheltered but open structure, without air-conditioning. Also referred to as hawker centre.

由来
  • 早在新加坡开埠时期,就有不同种族的小贩在街头兜售各种食品。1931年英国殖民政府决定发出执照给摊贩,但是那一年所发的执照仅限于1000张,目的是为了减少街上的小贩。
  • 直到1950年,英国殖民政府发现之前限制小贩执照的数量没有获得太大的成效,于是成立了小贩询问委员会 (Hawkers Inquiry Commission),建议将执照分发给所有的小贩。
  • 1968年至1969年,政府实行为小贩注册的计划,每天有30到40位公共卫生检察员到全岛各地为小贩注册,同时也记下小贩的姓名、营业的地点和售卖的食品。
  • 1974年,小贩部门的特别小组成立,当时的常务秘书(环境)向小贩部门提出了在18个月内扫除所有非法小贩的期限。
  • 1971年至1986年期间,政府也建设了拥有基本设施的巴刹与熟食中心。在1974年至1979年建设的熟食中心高达54家。
  • 熟食中心一般设在有盖无冷气空旷的场所,特色是售卖种类繁多、价格便宜的熟食饮料。在过去会有摊位老板或助手将煮好的食物送到顾客的座位,如今主要采纳自助式的售卖方式。
  • 新加坡目前拥有超过100个政府建设的巴刹兼熟食中心和独立的熟食中心,总计大约6000个摊位(据2014年统计),从2004年起由国家环境局(National Environment Agency, NEA)管理。
ETYMOLOGY
  • Since the founding years of Singapore, many hawkers of different races would sell their food on the streets. In 1931, the British colonial government decided to issue licenses to the hawkers. However, only 1,000 hawker licenses were issued that year, as the objective was to reduce the number of hawkers on the streets.
  • In 1950, the British colonial government realised that their hawker license quota bore little effect on the number of hawkers. Hence, the Hawkers Inquiry Commission was formed and recommended that licenses be issued to all hawkers.
  • Between 1968 to 1969, the government carried out an island-wide registration of hawkers. 30 to 40 public hygiene inspectors were sent to all corners of the island daily to register the hawkers, and to record their names, business locations and types of foods sold.
  • The Hawkers Department’s Special Squad special task force was formed in 1974. Then-Permanent Secretary (Environment) set a 18-month deadline to remove all illegal hawkers.
  • Between 1971 and 1986, the government built markets and food centres, equipped with basic facilities. 54 hawker centres were built between 1974 to 1979.
  • Most food centres are situated in a sheltered area without air-conditioning, selling a wide variety of cooked food and drinks at affordable prices. In the past, hawkers or their assistants would bring the customers’ orders to their tables but today, it is mainly self-service.
  • Currently, Singapore has more than 100 market-cum-hawker centres built by the government, with a total of about 6,000 hawker stalls (according to the 2014 Census). Since 2004, the food centres are managed by the National Environment Agency (NEA).
例句
位于裕廊西61街,先驱广场(Pioneer Mall)旁的裕廊西熟食中心将于来临星期天(8日)正式开幕。中心特地引进三台供放置托盘的机器人穿梭于食客之间,成为本地首个使用机器人收碗碟的熟食中心。(《联合早报》,5/10/2017)
SAMPLE SENTENCE
Located at Jurong West Street 61, the food centre beside Pioneer Mall is set to officially open this coming Sunday (8 October). Three tray return robots were specially brought in to roam along the aisles, making this food centre the first in Singapore to utilise tray return robots. (Lianhe Wanbao, 5/10/2017)
其他地区用语

美食广场(港)、街边型夜市(台)

TERMS USED IN OTHER REGIONS

美食广场 (Hong Kong), 街边型夜市 (Taiwan)

相关资料

小贩的英语是“hawker”,其定义是到不同地方兜售食品或货品的人,但是在新加坡,小贩的摊位是固定设在熟食中心的,而不是到各地兜售的。

RELATED INFORMATION

The English term for “hawker” refers to people who move around hawking their wares or food. In Singapore, the hawker is not itinerant but has a fixed stall located within a food centre.

参考资料
REFERENCES