Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

huǒ

chéng

Kallang Gasworks

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Kallang Gasworks

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释义

名词

指位于甘榜武吉士(Kampong Bugis)的加冷煤气厂(Kallang Gasworks)。

DEFINITION

Noun

Refers to the Kallang Gasworks at Kampong Bugis.

由来

福建话(闽南话)huay sia的音译,据说由于居民莫名地害怕煤气厂可能会爆炸,因而被当地居民称为“火城”。
  • 俗称“火城”的加冷煤气厂建于1862年,占地3.14公顷,为当时本地唯一用炭烧生产煤气的工厂,以实现街道照明。开业之后,加冷煤气厂受到24小时全天候的监控。
  • 煤气厂原本由一家名为新加坡煤气公司(PowerGas)的私人机构管理,并且提供城镇的公共煤气灯。1901年,此公司由市政委员会接手。
  • 1958年,加冷煤气厂建造了新的石油气化厂,煤炭被燃料油所取代。
  • 1963年公用事业局(Public Utilities Board)成立后,煤气厂不再负责供应水、电和煤气。
  • 1975年,加冷煤气厂对燃料油进行了改造,以生产天然气。
  • 1995年新加坡能源(Singapore Power)成立,将所有公用事业局的电源与煤气部门企业化。
  • 1997年7月,经营了超过130年的加冷煤气厂,正式迁至圣诺哥(Senoko)。
  • 1998年3月,经营了超过130年的加冷煤气厂正式停业。
  • ETYMOLOGY

    • The Mandarin term “火城” is a transliteration of the Hokkien (Minnan) word huay sia. One belief is that the place got its name because the residents there had fears that the gas plant might explode.  

    • The Kallang Gasworks, which was built in 1862, occupied an area of 3.14 hectares. It was the only plant in Singapore at the time that produced gas by burning coal for street lighting in Singapore. Since its opening, the Kallang Gasworks was monitored 24 hours, seven days a week.

    • It was originally managed by a private organization called PowerGas, to provide gas for public street lighting until 1901, when the company was taken over by the Municipal Commission. 

    • In 1958, coal was replaced by fuel oil. As a result, new oil gasification plants were installed in the Kallang Gasworks. 

    • In 1963, after the establishment of the Public Utilities Board (PUB), the gas plant was no longer responsible for gas, electricity and water services.  

    • In 1975, the Kallang Gasworks reformed fuel oil to produce natural gas. 

    • In 1995, the gas and electricity operations of the PUB were corporatized. Singapore Power was established as a result to undertake these operations.

    • In July 1997, after 130 years, gas production operations were shifted from the Kallang Gasworks to Senoko.

    • In March 1998, Kallang Gasworks was officially decommissioned after producing gas for more than 130 years.

    例句

    加冷路、劳明达街交界处和周围地区,因毗邻加冷煤气厂而俗称火城 。(《联合早报》,15/10/1995)

    SAMPLE SENTENCE

    The intersection of Kallang Road and Lavender Street, along with its surrounding areas, are commonly known as 火城 due to its proximity to the Kallang Gasworks.

    (Lianhe Zaobao, 15/10/1995)

    参考资料

    REFERENCES