Singaporean Mandarin Database

This database contains a collection of Mandarin terms which have cultural, historical or sentimental value unique to Singapore. These terms may be used by Singaporeans in the past or at present. Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in our everyday conversations.

dǎng

biān

Party Whip

Legal/Politics

法政

Legal / Politics

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Party Whip

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Legal/Politics

法政

Legal / Politics

释义

名词

在新加坡国会上负责监督党议员的执法者。也称“党督”。

DEFINITION

Noun

In the Parliament of Singapore, the Party Whip ensures discipline of party members. Also known as “党督” in Mandarin.

由来
  • 党鞭的用法据说源自于18世纪流行于英国的鞭手(whipper-in),意思是打猎时鞭策猎犬群保持队形。在英国国会中,党鞭监督国会议员,尤其是协调执政党议员的活动,执行党的纪律。
  • 在新加坡,党鞭也同样是监督党议员的执法者,负责确保有足够的党议员支持和投选该党的立场。
  • 在一些情况下,也有可能抽掉党鞭(lift the whip),让国会议员自由投票。
ETYMOLOGY
  • The term “Party Whip” is said to be taken from the popular British term “whipper-in” in the 18th century, which means a person who urge hounds to stay in formation during a hunt. In the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the Party Whip supervises members of the Parliament, especially in coordinating their activities and to administer the whipping system.
  • In Singapore, the Party Whip is similarly the disciplinarian of a political party, responsible for ensuring that there are sufficient party members to support and vote according to the party’s position.
  • Under certain circumstances, the Party Whip may “lift the whip” and allow MPs to vote freely.
例句
所谓的党督(或称党鞭),源自英国议会传统,一些政党委任某党员担任“党督”一职,专门约束同一政党议员的发言立场。(《联合晚报》,20/6/2017)
SAMPLE SENTENCE
The Party Whip originated from the Parliament of the United Kingdom, where some members of the party were appointed to the position of Party Whip to control the comments of members from the same political party. (Lianhe Wanbao, 20/6/2017)
参考资料
REFERENCES